（Ege University Faculty of Science, Department of Biology）
讨论主题（Topic）: Pasalar Hominoid Site and its role in the hominoid dispersal into Europe and
Asia during the Miocene
（2019.7.12 Friday 14:30-15:30pm）
The importance of Anatolia for the evolution of vertebrates as well as for the faunal exchanges between continents has been demonstrated during 25 years of fruitful paleontological studies on the Miocene of Turkey. The significance of Turkey because of its strategic position between Africa and Eurasia and important human and humanoid fossil localities has long been recognized. At the base of the middle Miocene hominoid dispersal, both in terms of time and of topography, is the Turkish locality of Pa？alar. Thanks to 32 years of excavation under the leadership of Prof. Alpagut, Pa？alar is the richest hominoid locality of the Miocene with thousands of fossils of Kenyapithecus kizili and Griphopithecus alpani. In addition, twenty of thousands remains of other mammals have been found, representing over 62 species. The last overview of the fauna was published 25 years ago and since then, new species have been found and a wealth of additional material has been excavated, allowing more precise identification of the fauna. The current state of knowledge hampers a good comparison of the Pa？alar fauna with other hominoid sites in western Eurasia, and therefore a full understanding of the dispersal event. The aim of this presentation is to provide my Chinese colloquies an update of the Pa？alar fauna and its role in the hominoid dispersal into Europe during the Miocene.